Everybody should know how to administer first aid as it is one of the most critical and useful skills we can ever have. However, not all of us would endeavor to have first aid certification and most would probably think that they don’t need to be certified. After all, common situations like a child falling down would just entail a mother cleaning up the wound and applying a band-aid. But these are just the very basic first aid techniques that everyone knows how to do.
There are some individuals who’re so gung ho in knowing how to administer first aid as a way of giving back to society. These good Samaritans would usually enlist in basic first aid training or go all the way and get certified. There are several way of getting certified – either through your community’s health center or by enrolling in first aid and CPR courses.
Maybe you’re one of those who have realized the importance of first aid and want to study it. But before you enroll in a course or go for a certification, you first have to understand the objectives of providing this medical treatment.
Health institutions have pointed out three objectives for administering first aid – to save a life, to minimize injuries and to hasten healing.
- The basic goal for giving first aid is to save a life. There are situations when a doctor or a health personnel is not around. Every second counts in these circumstances and it might be up to you to help save someone’s life.
Air is the basic element that we need to stay alive. When someone is chocking or is unconscious, it’s hard for them to breathe freely. In these situations, the person administering first aid will use different techniques to clear the air passage. Some of these techniques are applying pressure on the abdomen or hitting the patient’s back to remove the cause of air obstruction. If the patient still can’t breathe even after the airway’s cleared, cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is then performed. The emergency responder gives mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and massages the patient’s chest to help blood flow return to normal.
- Minimizing or preventing more injuries to happen is the second goal of providing first aid. This can be as simple as moving the patient away from the area or covering a victim with a blanket. Bandaging a wound or trying to control bleeding by applying pressure on a wound is actually another simple act that’s already a form of first aid.
- Lastly, starting the healing process is one of the objectives of administering first aid. One common example of this goal is treating an injury by putting a band-aid on a small scratch. People with first aid training know what to do in different situations, from a minor cut to a bone fracture, and they know how critical it is to provide treatment until the medical personnel arrive.
At this point in our history, it makes sense for everyone to learn first aid skills so we can help each other. These courses are easy to learn and are offered by numerous medical institutions. All we need to do is take advantage of them.