Immunizations and EMS (Emergency Medical Services System)

First Aid Regina stresses all individuals regardless if they pursue our CPR training/courses to keep their immunizations up to date and be educated about the EMS. Immunizations should be kept up to date with your local health care professional. If you are working in a health care environment, in addition to the area’s local immunizations, you should consider DPT (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus), Polio, Hepatitis B, MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) and influenza. Getting an immunization will help protect you from acquiring such diseases. In regards to the EMS, it is important to stress that they are to be used for emergencies only. You should use common sense on when to recognize an emergency and the need to call for help. There are 4 links for survival in the event of an emergency. The first is called early access and that requires the first aider to recognize the situation has turned into an emergency and notify EMS by calling 9-1-1. The next step is to perform CPR if you have the skills necessary to do so. The next step is early defibrillation and AED help shock the heart to a normal rhythm. As these units are quite expensive, be sure that your workplace has them and know the location and how to properly use them. Early advanced care is administered by paramedics and hospital staff who are licensed and trained to administer medication at appropriate situations. When assessing a situation, if you think it is an emergency, it probably is. It is better to have professionals decide whether or not they are needed rather than be too late. The following situations would require immediate EMS:

  • An unconscious or altered level of consciousness.
  • Difficulty breathing or no signs or breathing.
  • Persistent cheset pain or pressure.
  • No signs of circulation (HCP)
  • Deadly bleeding
  • Seizures, severe headache or slurred speech
  • Injuries to the head, neck or back
  • Vomiting or passing of blood in the urine
  • Imminent childbirth
  • Fire/Explosion
  • Motor Vehicle Collision
  • Poisonous Gas
  • Live electrical wires
  • Swift-moving water

In most situations, do not move the ill or injured person unless they are faced with immediate danger as it may injure them further. If it will take too long for emergency personnel to arrive such as in a rural or remote area, it may be required to move the ill or injured person but those scenarios will need to be handled on a case by case basis. In order to get a better understanding on how to these situations, it is recommended that individuals take a CPR course in order to receive proper training that First Aid Regina offers.


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